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REDUCED SEA ICE CAUSED BY CLIMATE CHANGE
The most serious threat to polar bears is climate change. The Arctic is warming faster than the global average, meaning that the sea ice that polar bears need is melting earlier and forming later each year.
Less sea ice means that it’s more difficult for female polar bears to get onto land to make their den; and in the spring it’s more difficult for polar bears to feed. All of this means that polar bears are fasting for longer, making it harder for them to survive the summer season.[/vc_column_text][vc_column_text css_animation=”right-to-left”]
OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION
The delicate Arctic ecosystem may be devastatingly affected by shipping, development, and oil and gas exploration.
For example, an oil spill could have catastrophic and long-lasting effects on the whole of the highly specialised marine ecosystem.
In some areas polar bears are spending more time on land. This brings them into closer contact with people, as they enter towns and villages out of curiosity or to find food. This conflict results in bears and peoples being seriously injured – or even killed.
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